infantile spasms

infantile spasms
= salaam attacks
a rare but serious form of epilepsy that usually begins between three and eight months of age. The spasms are involuntary flexing movements of the arms, legs, neck, and trunk; each spasm lasts 1–3 seconds and is associated with flushing of the face, and runs of spasms occur over a period of several minutes. They may occur many times in one day. The baby fails to respond to human contact and development is usually profoundly slowed. An EEG pattern of hypsarrhythmia is usual and diagnostic. Diagnosis may be delayed as spasms are sometimes confused with colic. Immediate recognition and treatment with antiepileptic medication, corticosteroids, or ACTH offers a chance of arresting the disease, but outcome depends primarily on the nature of the underlying brain abnormality.

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  • Infantile spasms — A seizure disorder of infancy and early childhood with the onset predominantly in the first year of life of myoclonic seizures, hypsarrhythmia (abnormal, chaotic electroencephalogram), and mental retardation. The spasms are sudden, brief… …   Medical dictionary

  • Судороги Младенческие (Infantile Spasms, Salaam Attacks) — разновидность эпилепсии, возникающая в результате серьезного врожденного или приобретенного заболевания головного мозга в возрасте примерно шести месяцев. Судороги носят характер непроизвольных движений конечностей, шеи и туловища: каждая… …   Медицинские термины

  • jackknife spasms — infantile s s …   Medical dictionary

  • salaam spasms — infantile s s …   Medical dictionary

  • salaam convulsions — infantile spasms …   Medical dictionary

  • jackknife seizures — infantile spasms …   Medical dictionary

  • salaam seizures — infantile spasms …   Medical dictionary

  • West syndrome — Infantile spasms, a seizure disorder of infancy and early childhood with the onset predominantly in the first year of life of myoclonic seizures, hypsarrhythmia (abnormal, chaotic electroencephalogram), and mental retardation. The spasms are… …   Medical dictionary

  • СУДОРОГИ МЛАДЕНЧЕСКИЕ — (infantile spasms, salaam attacks) разновидность эпилепсии, возникающая в результате серьезного врожденного или приобретенного заболевания головного мозга в возрасте примерно шести месяцев. Судороги носят характер непроизвольных движений… …   Толковый словарь по медицине

  • West syndrome — Classification and external resources ICD 10 G40.4 ICD 9 345.6 …   Wikipedia

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